除非将特定的机制设计到他们的建筑DNA中以产生逐渐抵抗，否则加密或非法经济是不可持续的 跨国经济食人族, socioeconomically destructive weaponized wealth concentration and ecosystem-killing market manipulation. For these reasons, one of the most important components of the Gini architecture is Gini’s automated Ecosystem Stability Mechanism (ESM). The ESM performs the following critical functions:
- 价值流。 ESM的 价值流系统 确保所有生态系统参与者因其对基尼生态系统的宝贵贡献而获得奖励。
- 动态交易费系统。 ESM确保所有交易费用自动降低，因为基尼货币价值对其他主要法定货币升值。这确保了利益相关者不会因为他们的基尼货币升值而在现实世界的商业中使用基尼。 （注意：基尼网络上的交易费用远低于其他主要加密货币。费用主要是为了防止对网络的恶意攻击并确保生态系统的可持续性。请参阅： 为什么要交易费？)
- 财政部资金。 ESM向可公开审计的基尼财政部提供最低水平的基尼资金。这确保了非营利组织基尼基金会始终具有偿付能力并且有足够的人员来管理基尼网络并有效地构建基尼社区所要求的新功能。财政部也是基尼社区库的主要资金来源，如上所述 价值流页面.
- 基尼指数哨兵。 ESM的基尼指数哨兵监测 基尼指数 基尼生态系统和自动化 渐渐地 对高浓度的基尼财富产生结构性抵抗，以防止任何鲸鱼或卡特尔鲸鱼主导基尼生态系统。 （以下更多内容。）
- 市场交易所哨兵。 这个自动化的哨兵监视着 分散的基尼市场交易所监视恶意和/或滥用市场行为，并匿名限制参与此类行为的Gini账户的交易速度，从而保护市场免受伤害。
价值流。 与比特币网络以及法定世界中所有其他严重的加密货币和银行一样，基尼网络必须收取某种交易费用以防止恶意攻击并具有经济可持续性。然而，与其他加密货币和法定银行系统不同，Gini的ESM不仅仅向少数比特币矿工或大型银行和公司的最大股东分配费用，而是分配费用更多 公平 整个基尼生态系统。 （What is "equity"?)
鉴于必须存在可持续社区以在任何生态系统中创造可持续价值的无可争辩的事实，价值流系统是管理货币供应的最公平，可持续和合理的方式。 （社区驱动价值的概念在更深入的细节中进行了探讨 基尼书。）因此，ESM执行所有Value Streams功能，根据上面描述的Value Streams参数自动，公平和可持续地在整个生态系统中分配财富和购买力。 价值流页面 和 Gini's sustainable monetary system principles.
基尼指数哨兵。 回想一下 基尼指数 经济学中的黄金标准，国际货币基金组织，世界银行，许多非政府组织以及世界各地的几乎所有政府都在使用它来衡量每个国家人口中的财富集中度。基尼指数使我们能够衡量基尼生态系统中的财富集中度，但我们做了一些更有用的事情：通过确保我们的生态系统基尼指数长期不超过25％来实施货币供应最佳实践。
要做到这一点，每当基尼指数Sentry检测到基尼生态系统已超过25％的阈值时，它就会自动触发a 非常渐进 任何Gini账户的生态系统稳定费（ESF），占Gini货币持有人的前1％。该ESF每天收费0.0274％。 ESF将继续从所有基尼系数的前1％中自动逐步收集，直至基尼系数再次降至25％以下。
生态系统稳定费是否为财富税？ 不，这是一个 生态系统稳定费这是一种社区资助的形式，可以防止在整个资本主义历史中破坏和破坏许多法定和加密经济体和国家的恶意和鲁莽的鲸鱼。 如果任何基尼利益相关者积累如此庞大的基尼财富，他们将基尼指数推高至25％以上，这意味着他们已成为整个生态系统的系统性风险。因此，前1％的基尼利益相关者共同负责提供每日0.0274％的ESF，以保护生态系统免受潜在的不稳定和伤害，直到基尼指数回落至25％以下。
ESF编制，系统化并强制实施生态系统稳定与合作。 微小的ESF减少了基尼社区中鲸鱼自私行为的动机。它还有助于降低所有其他利益相关者因少数人突然失去购买力的风险 破坏性的鲸鱼捶打 around the Gini ecosystem. These systemic features also serve as gentle reminders about Gini's purpose: Protecting human rights; sustainable and equitable wealth creation and distribution; and maximizing the broad-based, wealth-generating potential of real-world commerce. The ESF is a rational, economically viable, and justifiable trade-off that helps to achieve those goals, which are essential to ensure the long-run viability of any socioeconomic ecosystem.
ESF会吓跑一些鲸鱼吗？ 可能，但每个稳定经济的基础都是强大的中产阶级，而不是鲸鱼。 ESF是一个小小的 临时 费用不会显着影响任何鲸鱼的财富或生活质量，但ESF足以激励基尼鲸行事负责任或找到另一个加密家。任何有钱人都可以成为鲸鱼的人都可以将财富投入到他们想要的任何地方，但如果他们想参与基尼生态系统，他们需要尊重我们创造最稳定，最公平，最可持续的加密经济的独特承诺，以保护人类权利和最大化现实世界商业的广泛财富创造潜力。这些好处的权衡是对鲸鱼的一些限制。我们欢迎鲸鱼和小鱼，但我们理解基尼可能不会吸引所有鲸鱼。没关系。
市场交易所哨兵。 Market Exchange Sentry监控并防止分散式Gini Exchange中的滥用行为。本主题将在上面详细讨论 Gini Decentralized Exchange页面.
ESF基金去哪儿了？ The ESF funds are automatically deposited into the publicly auditable Gini Treasury account on a daily basis until the Gini Index falls back below 25%. Like all Gini Treasury funds, the ESF funds are used to recycle wealth and purchasing power back into the ecosystem and to subsidize the nonprofit Gini Foundation's ongoing operations, which are necessary to build and support the features and systems requested by the Gini Community. Unlike the secret and opaque accounts of most public and private organizations on Earth today, all Gini Treasury fund balances will be published publicly on the GiniFoundation.org website after the Gini Treasury is fully activated.
分层确定性（HD）钱包/账户。 像任何现代的加密货币钱包软件一样 基尼帐户中心 软件（以及即将推出的基于PC的版本）使Gini利益相关者能够生成任何数量的地址，以用于他们的支付交易;并且所有这些地址都是每个钱包/帐户的主公钥的子地址。该功能由BIP32协议很好地建立。 （这里的 简单的总结 还有更多 详细的官方BIP32技术规范。）因此， 一个Gini帐户 可以生成无限数量的 付款地址 with BIP32.
关于实施ESM的重要问题。 At this point, some technically savvy people might be asking themselves: How do we effectively enforce the Gini Index and ESM features? How do we hold abusive market players accountable for their actions in the decentralized exchange? How do we create and enforce all these ecosystem stability and accountability features? Good questions . . . and we have developed some good solutions.
无政府主义现状。 今天，几乎所有加密货币都被设计为允许任何人创建无限数量的匿名加密货币 账户 to bypass any kind of accountability. Based on our polling and lots of anecdotal evidence, the crypto anarchy that exists today is ridiculous from the perspective of the vast majority of humans on Earth who simply want a secure, stable, and mature ecosystem to use their cryptocurrency in real-world commerce. But the puritanical ideology of the dominant cryptocurrency projects today has driven the crypto markets toward anarchy for the past 10 years. In many cases, this anarchy has spawned innovative projects, but it’s also one of the biggest reasons why all cryptocurrency markets today suffer from so much 功能障碍和操纵.
超越无政府主义现状. If Gini blindly followed the status quo, the ESM would be impossible to implement because any Gini whale could simply create 1,000 new accounts and split up their Gini funds across all their accounts to bypass the ESM features. This is why we have developed a unique cryptocurrency account management system that 保证隐私和匿名 同时也使ESM成为可能 匿名 hold stakeholders accountable when they engage in abusive market behavior. The Gini system uses the well-established BIP32 protocol for HD account creation and unlimited payment address functionality, but we use cryptographic 零知识证明 至 匿名附上 each stakeholder to a limited number of accounts so they can’t bypass the ESM features. (The precise number of accounts allowed will be based on community feedback and decentralized governance.)
没有人需要无限数量的银行 要么 加密帐户。 We know it feels good to have no accountability to anything or anybody, but the vast majority of humans just want a simple, stable, and secure crypto alternative to the toxic and unsustainable fiat banking system. They don't feel any intense impulse to create dozens of crypto wallet accounts to play shell games with their cryptocurrencies. In fact, nobody needs an infinite number of cryptocurrency accounts just like nobody needs an infinite number of bank accounts. All humanity needs is a simple, stable and secure way to buy/sell crypto and spend it at merchants that will accept it in real-world commerce. The crypto anarchy that exists today is not necessary to liberate humanity from the toxic banking cartel, it’s not necessary to protect privacy and human rights, and it’s not necessary for any aspect of real-world commerce.
零知识证明究竟如何运作？ 凭借零知识证明和BIP32协议，Gini帐户管理软件为每个利益相关者创建一个HD帐户（也称为HD钱包），使每个利益相关者能够生成无限制的付款地址 对于有限数量的帐户。这些帐户中的每一个都附加在一条可验证的独特信息上 匿名 confirms the stakeholder’s unique humanness without actually disclosing their identity to the Gini Foundation or anybody else. The unique sample is digitally hashed (encrypted), which is a unique mathematical output that 匿名 represents a unique stakeholder on the Gini network without disclosing any of their private information to the Gini Foundation. 零知识证明 可能看似神奇，但它们是一个成熟的加密工具，情报机构和政府已经在绝密环境中使用近二十年来保护秘密特工的隐私。
We have received several questions about the ESM, but they all basically boil down to these questions:
Why do I need to provide my phone number? Isn't there some other way to verify that I'm a unique human? How do I know my phone number will not be linked to my Gini wallet?
Gini is Serious About Privacy. Before we answer the questions above, it's important to understand how serious Gini is about privacy. An entire chapter of the 基尼书 is dedicated to the crucial importance of privacy and how no other human rights can be protected without the human right to privacy. There's a vivid segment of our Gini Documentary video about the importance of privacy. There's the Gini验证服务 we're building to create a more private ecosystem. And we've published other technical concerns about the inadequate privacy of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies today. So, we are as committed to creating a truly private cryptocurrency as any of the privacy fanatics in the crypto world today. However . . .
Privacy Alone is Not Enough. Privacy is useless if you live in an anarchic hell-hole full of corporate tyranny and political despotism caused by the hyper-concentration of wealth 和 perpetually destabilizing currency manipulators who destroy the integrity of your political and economic systems. It should be clear that privacy is not the only thing that matters in life.
Privacy is Not All-or-Nothing. We are building the Gini platform and the privacy features in phases because nobody can build all these things overnight. The technology that makes private cryptocurrencies possible is continuously evolving and we will adopt the best privacy technologies as they emerge, in addition to our own innovations. Thus, we are committed to building the most private cryptocurrency possible, but privacy must always be balanced with the goal of creating systemic integrity, stability and sustainability.
We are not linking anybody's personally identifiable information to their cryptocurrency wallets. The purpose of the ESM's human verification process is to verify a person's unique humanity, not their unique identity. Your identity and your humanity are totally different things. To accomplish the goals of the ESM, Gini's automated Human Verification System only needs to verify that you are a unique human.
Why Use Phone Numbers? Currently, for various technical reasons, a hashed phone number (e.g.: 555-555-5555 => c6d93dd6a266f33038af03534ab8192f) is the best way for the Gini system to automatically verify a person's unique humanity, which is why we are starting with this approach. Only the hash is stored and compared with other hashes, not the phone number. Highly respected tools like the encrypted Signal instant messaging app (recommended by Ed Snowden) use phone numbers for similar reasons. However, Gini and other privacy-focused projects are also working on privacy-protecting decentralized ID systems based on Zero-Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs), which are built with 同态加密. ZKP-based systems will eliminate the need for phone number hash verification.
Hashing phone numbers, passwords, credit card numbers, and other information is a well-established practice to preserve privacy and anonymity. If a hash is unintelligible and impossible to reverse-engineer within the lifespan of the universe, then we are not linking personally identifiable information to any Gini stakeholder's wallet. We are simply creating a mathematical link between a person's unique humanity (in the form of a unique hash) and their cryptocurrency wallet, but there is absolutely no realistic way to reverse-engineer that link to discover the person's actual identity. If that was possible, then the entire Internet and virtually all major electronic security systems would collapse because they're all dependent upon unbreakable hashes.
The short-sighted impulse for immediate perfection is the enemy of progress, both for Gini and for humanity in general. We understand that some people don't want to allow their phone numbers to be used in any kind of automated human verification process, even if the phone numbers are hashed and completely anonymous. However, hashed phone numbers are the most practical way for us to launch the Gini Platform, protect our stakeholder's privacy, start building a truly egalitarian and sustainable ecosystem, and start raising broader awareness of the unique principles that guide Gini's long-term development. As soon as another reliable way exists to verify a stakeholder's humanity without phone numbers, we will adopt it and the Gini system will no longer need phone numbers.
Every Journey Must Start Somewhere. We have built a strong foundation and we have a clear path forward. We hope you will 加入我们 on this important journey.
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